Note: A new edition of the APA Manual released in 2019. Please be sure to check with your Professor.
This page is for the APA 6th Edition of the Manual and you may need to use the updated page for APA 7th Edition.
The Gregg-Graniteville Library citation tutorials will help you get started with your APA 6th edition citations. To access the playlist on YouTube, click on this link or the image below.
APA in-text citations
One of the main quirks of APA style concerns how you format in-text citations based on the number of authors for that resource (journal, book, website, etc.). The table below provides a quick summary of the main formatting variations.
|# of authors||First citation in paper||Subsequent citations in paper|
|1-2 authors:||Smith (2016)||Smith (2016)|
|3-5 authors:||Smith, Marr, and Yorke (2016)||Smith et al. (2016)|
|6 or more authors:||Jones et al. (2016)||Jones et al. (2016)|
Interested in digging a bit deeper? Check out this video on APA in-text citations and how to integrate sources within your paper.
APA papers can be tricky to format.
Are you new to APA paper formatting and love videos? Check out Owl Purdue's video on formatting papers here.
*Note: not all college papers require an abstract page. Consult with your professor regarding their preference.
The core authority on APA paper formatting is the APA Style Manual. You can find a sample paper on page 41 of the Manual.
If you don't have immediate access to the Manual, check out the sample paper online here via APA Style.
OWL Purdue, also has a great sample paper with clear explanations. It can be found here.
Within the body of the paper, it is also important to pay attention to heading levels. Owl Purdue has a great page that talks about headings within your paper. You can check it out here.